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AMD vs Intel: Which is better for 2019 and beyond? (Latest version)


With Computex and E3 2019 behind us, it's now a great time to watch the AMD vs Intel tug. Both launched new products, with AMD launching new processes and GPUs in July. Intel will not launch its new tenth generation of processors until the end of 2019. Intel's new line of discrete GPUs will only appear several times in 2020.

The state of AMD

AMD entered the x86 processor market as a subcontractor for Intel. The contract allowed AMD to use Intel's x86-based 8086 design to manufacture processor clones. These slides will help meet Intel's orders for IBM's new PCs.

Once Intel launched its 32-bit processor, AMD's contract ceased and forced both companies to stretch in a legal battle over years. AMD resumes clones until 1996 when it launched the first in-house x86-based processor, the AMD K5.

AMD launched the first 64-bit processor, the Athlon 64, in 2003. It also launched the Athlon 64 FX for enthusiasts and the Opteron chip for servers. The company's first dual-core chip, the Athlon 64 X2, arrived in 2005. The first four-core chip, Phenom, arrived two years later. The Athlon and Phenom desk parts are AMD's main focus.

It changed when Apple lit the mobile boom with its first iPhone and iPad.

The Bulldozer year

After a brief presence between 2006 and 2008, AMD reloaded its mobile efforts with Fusion. This initiative introduced AMD's very first accelerated processor, or APU, and CPU cores and GPU cores in one chip. It also started with a chain reaction that will leave AMD behind the Intel at the back of the desk space until 2016. AMD's APU efforts dominated the Bulldozer years mainly.

For example, between 2011 and 2016, AMD's only desktop efforts were the FX brand slides. Codenamed Zambezi and Vishera, they were based on AMD's Bulldozer architecture (Piledriver was a revised Bulldozer). Meanwhile, Intel has eliminated disk and laptop computers every year. The company also focused on the business sector given the uncertainty of desktops.

Naysayers predicted tablets and smartphones would kill the desktop and laptop markets. But Ultrabooks, 2-in-1s, and flyhalves apparently saved the computer industry.

To ensure AMD's defense, naysayers will predict that tablets and smartphones will kill the desktop and laptop market. But Ultrabooks, 2-in-1s, and flyhalves apparently saved the computer industry and almost killed tablets. Yet, OEMs mostly deal with Intel-based slides in PCs while resorting to ARM-based handheld mobile device solutions.

Despite the heavy APU focus, AMD had a master plan.

Consoles and graphics

Custom APUs Based on the Graphic Core Next GPU architecture landed on the Xbox One, Xbox One X, PlayStation 4 and PlayStation 4 Pro. Developers working on x86-based computers can now create games that have worked over the console and PC without any porting involved. High-definition PC games have finally returned.

This is the side of AMD's minimal CPU presence during the Bulldozer years. It's also a graphics card maker. AMD acquired ATI Technologies in 2006 and started adding graphics cards to desktops. Intel will not enter the discrete GPUs until 2020.

AMD's first generation Graphics Core Next (GCN) architecture appears in 2012's Radeon HD 7000 Southern Islands add-on card. The Radeon RX Vega series has closed AMD's GCN era with the 7nm Radeon VII graphics card produced by GB, Sapphire, XFX, and more.

Similar to AMD's mobile focus, the two years between Radeon RX 300 and Radeon RX Vega targeted mainstream graphics. This gave Nvidia's space to dominate the desktop and notebook space with its GeForce GTX 900 and GTX 10 series. Meanwhile, AMD has released releasing RX 400 and 500 cards, offering low-end VR and Full HD graphics on each desktop.

Meet Zen and Vega

Looking back, AMD has a four-year gap between its FX "Vishera" CPU family and its Ryzen 1000 chips. Two years passed between AMD's final Radeon RX 300 desktop add-in GPU and its budget-friendly Radeon RX 400 family.

At that time, AMD secretly worked on a new CPU architecture. Called Zen, this will put the company back on a competitive course.

AMD also develops the Vega graphics platform based on the fifth-generation GCN architecture. This design served as AMD's high-end successor to the RX 300 family. AMD also created Radeon DNA (RDNA): The company's first new GPU architecture since the GCN launch in 2012.

According to AMD, Ryzen CPUs can match the performance of Intel processors at half the cost.

According to AMD, Ryzen CPUs can match the performance of Intel processors at half the cost. Although it looks good, there's a big setback: Ryzen desktop slides don't include integrated graphics. If you're a computer gamer, it probably won't matter, you'll want a specific graphics card. If you don't need a discrete GPU, most Intel computers and mobile CPUs contain integrated graphics. AMD's Ryzen trademark APUs also include integrated graphics.

The original Ryzen 1000 series relies on AMD's first Zen design with 14nm process technology. The Ryzen 2000 desktop series relies on an improved Zen architecture (aka Zen +) and 12nm process technology.

On the mobile front, AMD's Ryzen 2000 APUs for laptops and desktops use the original 14nm Zen architecture. The new Ryzen 3000 APUs arriving in July depend on the 12nm Zen Plus (or Zen +) design. Compared to desk slides, AMD's Ryzen brand APU is one step behind in Zen's Gen1 Refresh Gen2 update model.

Ryzen 3000

AMD Ryzen 3000 Series

The new Ryzen 3000 desktop CPUs are based on AMD's second generation Zen architecture (Zen 2) and TSMC's 7nm + process technology. This is remarkable as Intel's 10nm Ice Lake slides will not appear until the end of 2019. Even more, AMD's new bundle includes the upcoming Ryzen 9 3950X, a 16-core chip that is clocked up to 4.7GHz for $ 749. Intel's equivalent the core i9-9960x costs at least $ 1725. Ouch.

But wait! There's more! AMD's new Ryzen 3000 range boasts support for PCI Express 4.0 while current Intel products do not. Short for Peripheral Component Interconnect Express, PCI Express is a standard for high speed connections between the CPU, graphics card, storage and more. The PCI-SIG approved the PCIe 4.0 specification in October 2017 which allows data transfer of up to 64GB per second (16GT / s).

Twenty months later, PCI Express 5.0 is now ready for hardware manufacturers. Like PCIe 4.0, we may not see devices that support this standard for another 20 months. It promises to be 128 GB per second using a x16 configuration (32GT / s). AMD, Intel, Nvidia, and many others have already promised to adopt this new standard.

The performance-per-watt formula

The bottom line with Ryzen is that AMD targets performance per watt target, which allows more core and frequency for half the cost. For lovers, AMD offers its Ryzen Threadripper CPUs the 29-core 2990WX for $ 1,799. Currently, the highest core count in Intel's X series CPU family is for enthusiasts 18 the $ 1,999 core i9-9980XE.

In the desk space, AMD is now in a good position. The company does not overload its Ryzen portfolio with a crazy number of products. With the Ryzen 2000 range, AMD offers eight computer processors, four HEDT processors, ten mobile APUs and twelve desktop APUs. Only in Intel's 9th-generation Coffee Lake refreshment family alone, the company sells thirty-four computer CPUs and nine laptop CPUs. We expect HEDT slides to arrive later this summer.

But keep this in mind: Though AMD chips are lower, they consume more power. Look at this AMD vs Intel equation:

base Speed maximum speed power price
Ryzen 7 3800X 3.9GHz 4.5GHz 105 watts $ 399
Core i9-9900K 3.6 GHz 5.0GHz 95 watts $ 488

With Intel Turbo Boost technology, the Intel chip can hit the 5.0 GHz ceiling using two cores. The boost number drops to 4.8 GHz with four core and 4.7 GHz with eight core. Meanwhile, AMD's Precision Boost 2 technology is increasing the speed of any number of core agents. The increase is based on an analysis of the current environment utilizing thermal, electrical and main uses. That's what AMD calls the "reliability triangle."

That said, the AMD chip has a basic speed advantage while the Intel chip has a higher turbo speed ceiling. And while the Ryzen 7 chip is $ 89 cheaper, it still consumes 10 watts of power. Unfortunately we do not have benchmark numbers for comparison since the Ryzen 3000 desk parts will not arrive until July.

A new deal with Samsung

The Samsung logo.

AMD repeats the signature thanks to a new agreement with Samsung. The company had a brief presence in the non-gaming trade market in 2006 after ATI Technologies was acquired in 2006. Now it's again the game that licensed its GPU technology to Samsung.

Prior to the acquisition, ATI provided two SoCs (system-on-one alias-in-one processors). Xilleon accelerates video decompression for broadcast networks. Imageon supports integrated handheld graphics mobile devices that offer 2D and 3D graphics versions.

After the acquisition, AMD branded the chips as AMD Imageon and AMD Xilleon again. Two years later, AMD decided to focus mainly on x86-based processors and graphics slides. This means that its manufacturing operations sank as GlobalFoundries and sold its ATI-related SoC divisions in 2008. Qualcomm bought the Imageon technology and sold it to Adurino, while Broadcom bought the Xilleon technology.

The new deal with Samsung brings AMD's Radeon graphics core technology to Samsung's Exynos chips used in smartphones and tablets. Samsung usually uses its Exynos Internationally sold slides, relying on Qualcomm Snapdragon slides in North America.

A new deal with Google

Google Stages logo

Samsung is not the only company looking for AMD's GPU technology. The company announced in March that Google's upcoming game will use streaming service Stadia custom Radeon branded GPU's built for data centers. Based on AMD's Multiuser GPU technology introduced in 2015, these GPUs contain 56 computer units (3,584 stream processors) and dedicated HBM2 memory to produce 10.7 teraflops graphics processing power.

The big misconception at GDC 2019 was that AMD will offer a custom APU as it does with the consoles. That is not the case. AMD clearly states that Google will use its GPU for data centers. There is no mention of APU's or AMD-made CPU kernels. Presumably this will be adjusted by Intel clocked at 2.7GHz.

In fact, Google's data centers are already filled with Intel-based CPUs. The company probably launched an agreement with AMD to install Radeon data center GPU (if not already). Purchasing AMD Opteron APU-based systems cannot be ideal because of the horsepower needed to run and stream multiple virtual machines. In addition, AMD's server is APU's targeting small businesses looking for high performance at low power costs.

However, Google Stages is a great victory for both AMD and Intel. Even more, console games are already targeted to custom APUs. There are no feature finishes, as games run on AMD's GCN architecture. The only real big "loser" in this scenario is Nvidia.

The state of Intel

Intel really doesn't need any background. The doors opened as N M Electronics in 1968 and then changed to Intel shortly after a month for Integrated Electronics. The x86-based processor era started with Intel's 8086 chip used in IBM's new personal computer family launched in 1981. Intel's 80286, 80386 and 80486 microprocessors followed.

Intel used a tick production model in 2007. The "tock" represents a change in the micro-architecture of the CPU, while the "tick" captured the review in a smaller slide layout. For example, Intel used its 22nm fourth generation "Haswell" micro-architecture in processors in 2013. Intel's fifth-generation Broadwell processor arrived next year on the basis of a 14nm version of Haswell.

The death of Tick Tock

The move to 14nm process technology effectively killed Intel's Tick-Tock model and launched a new model of Intel calls Process Architecture-Optimization. With its 14nm process node already underway, Intel has a new design micro code name Skylake. This design was the basis for its fifth to ninth generation processors. Intel has officially killed its tik-tock model with the launch of its seventh generation "Kaby Lake" processors.

Kaby Lake trusts at first optimization of Intel's 14nm process technology (referred to in 1466 as 14nm +). Intel refined Kaby Lake for 2017 in the first wave of eighth generation mobile processors using the same process node. This updated design has increased efficiency and added four core kernels to Intel's Core i5 CPU family. The eighth generation really didn't kick off until Intel's second Skylake optimization * 14nm ++ was dubbed "Coffee Lake".

From there we see a third optimization in 2018 (14nm +++) with & # 39; Whiskey Lake & # 39 ;, a mobile only successor to Kaby Lake Refresh. We also saw the debut of Amber Lake, the mobile only successor to Kaby Lake.

All the time, Intel & # 39; s new processor has been haunted by the 10nm process technology called Cannon Lake. Still based on Skylake, the eighth generation chip has made an appearance, but has not gone mainstream. Wat Cannon Lake done reached the Intel process architecture optimization engine restart.

Caffeine and icy waters

Intel 10 Gen. Ice Lake

This brings us to Intel's latest processors. Initially launched in October 2018, the ninth-generation family is a refreshment from Coffee Lake at the 14nm ++ hub. Three desk CPUs arrived in October, followed by six in January during CES 2019 and another twenty-four in April. The rollout number does not even include cell phones, servers and HEDT products.

Don't stop there, Intel launched its tenth generation "Ice Lake" family during Computex 2019 based on a new "Sunny Cove" architecture. That's the architecture part of Intel's process architecture optimization model. The first eleven slides are aimed at the sporty "U" (ultra-low power) and Y (extremely low power) suffixes. You will see up to four cores and eight wires, up to 4.1 GHz and the GPU can accelerate to 1.1GHz.

Unfortunately, we don't know anything about these chips, except for small pieces provided by Intel. They have an integrated GPU architecture (Gen11) promising smooth frame rates in Battlefield V at 1080p. They also support DDR4 memory at 3.200MHz. The Intel 300 Series chipset adds Wi-Fi 6 connectivity and Intel Optane Memory support.

Ice Lake CPUs and chipsets are now supposedly sent to OEMs for laptops arriving during the holiday season 2019.

AMD vs Intel disclosure

The AMD vs Intel fight has put the third generation of Ryzen "Zen 2" chips against Intel's ninth generation "Coffee Lake" products. But as we have said earlier, Ryzen does not send 3000 until July, so we have no benchmark for comparison.

What we do can doing is comparing a second generation AMD Ryzen chip with a similar ninth generation Intel CPU. We dug in Geekbench to find their single and multi-core scores:

Ryzen 7 2700X Core i9-9900K
nuclei: 8 8
wires: 16 16
Basic Speed ​​(GHz): 3.7 3.6
Maximum Speed ​​(GHz) 4.3 5.0
Power: 105 watts 95 watts
Single Core Score: ~ 4994 ~ 6519
Multi-core count: ~ 29,453 ~ 37,440
price: $ 279 $ 484

As the results show, even if it is Ryzen 7 2700X has a slightly higher basic speed at a reduced cost, but it is still not performing Intel's core share i9-9900K. This is a big argument in the AMD vs. Intel debate: Intel's CPU core is simply better to run instructions per cycle. Even more, AMD's chip uses more power and doesn't even support integrated graphics. Ultimately, you could be better off spending the extra $ 205 on the Intel chip.

Let's do another comparison for laptops:

Ryzen 7 2700U Core i7-8559U
nuclei: 4 4
wires: 8 8
Basic Speed ​​(GHz): 3.3 2.7
Maximum Speed ​​(GHz): 3.8 4.5
Power: 25 watts 28 watts
Single Core Score: ~ 4011 ~ 5689
Multi-core count: ~ 10,929 ~ 19133

Here we see AMD's second generation APU consuming three watts less power. Despite its higher base speed, the chip falls behind Intel's eighth generation laptop CPU in the single-core Geekbench test. It also falls partially into the multi-core test due to its lower maximum speed.

according to Intel's business unit, "Not all nuclei are created evenly, and more nuclei don't always compare with better overall performance."

Intel says performance also depends on memory and architecture optimizations. The company made it clear after AMD compared its second-generation 64-year-old Epyc-Rome CPU to Intel's second-generation server-based 28-core Xeon Platinum 8280 "Cascade Lake". AMD has shown that its chip runs 2x faster than the Xeon in a benchmark. Intel said AMD did not set up the test system correctly, delivering lower than normal Xeon chip results.

Navi vs Xe by 2020

AMD Radeon RX 5700 XT

Another problem AMD faces is Intel's upcoming entry into the additional graphics card market. Former AMD Radeon chief architect Raja Koduri joined Intel at the end of 2017 to serve as chief architect and senior vice president of a new core and visual computer group. His first job is to expand a discrete graphics card by 2020. The deal has also integrated Radeon kernels into Intel-based modules that handle Kaby Lake processor cores and HBM2 video memory.

Intel's new discrete GPUs will be based on its scalable Xe architecture. You will see solutions for the data center, enthusiast desktops and notebooks. You will see parallel computer with hardware level real-time ray tracing, competing with Nvidia's newly launched RTX 20 series GPU family. Nvidia's GTX 10 series only supports beam tracking through GPGPU acceleration or software.

It's great news, especially for a processing company entering the discrete GPU market. Ray detection on a consumer-based desk is anyway a big leap, and promising photo-realistic delivery without terrible waiting time. This is the new thing in the game lit by Nvidia's RTX 20 family for desktops and laptops.

AMD CEO Lisa Su spoke about hardware and software-based ray tracing in January, but did not mention anything related to jet detection during her E3 2019 keynote in June. Instead, she revealed the new "Navi" cards that appeared on July 7, 2019:

Radeon RX 5700 XT 50th Anniversary Edition Radeon RX 5700 XT Radeon RX 5700
Calculate units: 40 40 36
Base Speed: 1,680MHz 1,605MHz 1,465MHz
Game speed: 1,830MHz 1,755MHz 1,625MHz
Maximum Speed: 1,980MHz 1,905MHz 1,725MHz
Memory (GDDR6) 8GB 8GB 8GB
action: 10.14 TFLOPS 9.75 TFLOPS 7.95 TFLOPS
Competitive product: GeForce RTX 2070 GeForce RTX 2070 GeForce RTX 2060
price: $ 499 $ 449 $ 379

With Intel entering the discrete GPU space, AMD and Nvidia won't be the only contenders to fight for your dollars. For Intel, this can be a tough market to pass on with AMD and Nvidia's large, dedicated client base. Hardware-level ray detection looks like a hole in the hole and a good alternative to Nvidia's RTX 20 series. Unfortunately, AMD's new Radeon RX 5700 range doesn't support a hardware level.

So who wins this war?

AMD vs. Intel in desktops

In the AMD vs. Intel desk battle, Intel must continue to dominate for the foreseeable future. Yet AMD is a significant threat.

AMD's high core count and low prices are an attractive selling point. In turn, they require more power and do not include integrated graphics. Customers can get a 12-core AMD CPU for $ 499 while currently a mainstream 12-core chip sold by Intel. In the second half of 2019, the AMD's third generation of Ryzen 3 chips should be seen. W can even see new Threadripper HEDT parts.

Meanwhile, Intel can launch new X-Series HEDT processors to compete with new Threadrippers. Given Ice Lake CPUs will not arrive until late 2019, and Computex can be the last to hear from Intel in the consumer processor space. Until then, Project Athena will probably generate plenty of buzz before Ice Lake's debut: The Ultrabook successor based on Intel's 10nm processors.

AMD vs. Intel in laptops

In the AMD vs. Intel laptop error, Intel must continue to dominate due to the trend.

AMD's APU's typically lived in budget-friendly laptops until Ryzen's arrival in 2017. Intel has more and more AMD in laptops, but you can find great solutions like Acer's Predator Helios 500 and Aspire 3. On the Asus -front has the ROG Zephyrus and the VivoBook sports Ryzen-burned APUs.

Unfortunately, AMD still does not offer an eight-core cellphone, though it is done in desk space. Instead, Intel is currently taking the lead with its eight core i9-9980HK and i9-9880H laptop CPUs. You will probably find it in games laptops connected to a discrete Nvidia GeForce graphics chip. Heck, Intel also sells six-core laptop processors.

AMD vs. Intel – Beyond the PC

Despite the battle with Intel in three major markets, AMD will still dominate in the console arena. AMD's close relationship with the console and PC partners brings it to the forefront of the game on the hardware and developer ends. With the PlayStation 5 and Project Scarlet using AMD components, this dominance will probably not change for another five years. Nvidia meanwhile has Nintendo.

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